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C-section puts babies at risk of death, diseases

01 August 2018

An increase in caesarean sections also is having a negative effect on breastfeeding, the report found.

Across the world, the report cites that early initiation to breastfeeding varies widely, but that newborn babies are most at risk in low- and middle-income nations for delayed initiation of their mothers' milk.

Today kicks off World Breastfeeding Week 2018 and Harford County Health Department would like to take this time to promote breastfeeding within the county, as well as showcase the comprehensive breastfeeding support services offered by our Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Program.

It is to be noted that skin-to-skin contact along with suckling at the breast stimulates the mother's production of breast milk, including colostrum, also called the baby's "first vaccine", which is extremely rich in nutrients and antibodies. "We need to support all mothers to initiate breastfeeding early, exclusive breastfeed for the first six months and continue to breastfeed for at least the first two years".

Eastern and South Africa had some of the highest rates, with 65 percent of newborns fed in the first hour.

In August 1990, government policymakers, WHO, UNICEF and other organisations got together and signed Innocenti Declaration, which aimed to protect, promote and support breastfeeding.

While it is now less than 1%, the trend suggested that as the number of educated mothers that are breastfeeding their babies within one hour of birth reduces, the trend among those with no or minimal education would either stabilize or continue to rise.

Dr. Beckerman said this hormone also known is to contract the uterus and help stymie afterbirth bleeding: "Oxytocin the elixir of life - breastfeeding and the release of oxytocin gives the woman a sense of well being and increases the bond between mother and child".

UNICEF Executive Director Henrietta H. Fore said, "When it comes to the start of breastfeeding, timing is everything".

Since UNICEF began to keep records, more educated women in Nigeria had been breastfeeding their babies within one hour of delivery. Breastfeeding all babies for their first two years would save the lives of more than 820,000 children under the age of 5 each year.

Analyzing data from 76 countries, the report revealed some of the reasons why too many newborns were left waiting.

While almost nine-in-ten babies born in Burundi, Sri Lanka and Vanuatu are breastfed within that first hour, only two-in-10 born in Azerbaijan, Chad and Montenegro were nursed.

A study across 51 countries notes that early initiation rates are significantly lower among newborns delivered by cesarean section. And the risk more than doubled among newborns who started a day or more after birth.

These measures include the adoption and monitoring of the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes (The Code) and subsequent relevant World Health Assembly resolutions; the implementation of the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI); the implementation of a policy on maternity rights in line with the Convention and Recommendation of the International Labour Organization (ILO) on maternity protection; and specialized assistance for the feeding of infants and young children.

C-section puts babies at risk of death, diseases